Women who count: Post them here for fall 2008

In Introduction to Women’s Studies, we talk about women who have made a difference in the United States and around the world.

These are women who have influenced the world of work, culture, government, law, or social policy. These are also women who have worked to prevent violence against women or have taken on an activist role in some other way.

In all cases, these women are “Women Who Count.” Post your facts and comments about the women on our list here.


59 Responses

  1. Gloria Steinem: While in India she worked as a freelance writer and when she arrived back in the United States she becam a journalist.

  2. Bessie Coleman:
    She was one of thirteen children born to a poor African American family in Texas in 1892. She was the first African American women to earn a pilots license. Became a celebrity after flying in her first airshow in 1922. She refused to fly in an air show until the admission gates were no longer segregated. She encouraged other African American women to earn their licenses and worked to get rid of discrimination by using her fame.

  3. Audre Lorde described herself as “black feminist lesbian mother poet.” Her impact on the chapter is about how women wrote poems and literature about the lives of women. They “wrote about lesbian lives and the confluences of sexism, heterosexism, racism, and classism” (p.p. 514, Shaw & Lee). She wrote about all of those issues in her poetry, and about her cancer battle in a book.

  4. Amy Tan failed her Mother’s expectations of becoming a doctor and concert pianist and instead became a fiction writer. She was Co-producer and Co-screen writer with Ron Bass for the film adaption of The Joy Luck Club which was bases off one of her books.

    Amy Tan was an American writer of Chinese Descent. She explored mother daughter relationships. She attended San Jose State University. Was the literary editor for West, LA Times Sunday Magazine. She is a member of the Rock Bottom Remainders a band of writers which also includes Stephen King. Joy Luck Club was in NY Times best seller for 8 months.

  5. I am part of group one. We had Virginia Woolf to research this week. Virginia was born January 25,1882 and died March 28, 1941. She was homeschooled by her father. She became an English author, feminist, essayist, publisher, and wrote Mrs. Dalloway, To the Lighthouse, Orlando, and A Room of One’s Own. She has been hailed as one of the greatest novelists of the twentieth century and one of the foremost modernist. On March 28, 1941, after a nervous breakdown, Woolf committed suicide. She put on her overcoat, filled its pockets with stones, then walked into the River Ouse near her home and drowned herself.

  6. I am in group 2 and one of Emma Goldman’s major accomplishments was her inspiration. She inspired Roger Baldwin a founder of The American Civil Liberties Union. The American Civil Liberties Union advocates individual rights.

  7. Group2: Margaret Bourke-White: one of many major accomplishments
    She was a famous photojournalist who sought for racial and social equality. “She was the first female war correspondent and the first to be allowed to work in combat zones during World War II, and one of the first photographers to enter and document the death camps”.

  8. Margaret Bourke-White was the first female photographer for Fortune and the next year Life her image for the Fort Peck Dam project was the cover on the first issue of the magazine. She was better known for images of people, the faces told the story. She became the first female war correspondent, during WWII, and photographed B-17 bombings of Germany and Buchenwald, the concentration camp at the end of the war. She continued on becoming “maggie the indestructible” after surviving the ship being torpedoed, being trapped in Moscow as the Nazi entered, her plane was straffed by the Luftwaffe, stranded on an Artic island and surviving a helicopter crash. Later she started the first photo lab for Life magazines. She covered Indian – Pakistani conflict and took the last photos of Gandhi. Accomplishing amazing things and created the “personal style” of photojournalism. She is a personal favorite, and someone that I strive to become.

  9. Group 2: Eve Ensler
    As an anti-violence activist, Eve Ensler created “A gobal movement to stop violence against women and girls”. This movement is known as V-Day, which stands for Vagina’s Stopping Violence Against Vaginas.

  10. Emma Goldman
    Born 1869-1940 In a Jewish Ghetto in Russia
    Her family ran a small inn
    Left school after 6 months in St. Petersburg to work in a factory.

  11. Margaret Bourke-White
    born june 14, 1904 in the Bronx, NY
    attended several universities in the US
    died in Connecticut August 27, 1971

  12. Eve Ensler
    born May 25, 1953 in NY
    wrote The Vagina Monologues
    graduated from Middlebury College in 1975
    adopted an 18-year-old when she was 26

  13. Margaret Chase Smith
    born December 14, 1897 in Maine
    died May 29th 1995
    U.S. senator
    attened Colby College

  14. Angela Davis
    born Jan 26, 1944 in Alabama
    graduated from Brandeis University
    became invovled in the American Communist party

  15. Emma Goldman impacted women in the workforce because she recognized “the need to work for practical and specific improvements such as higher wages and shorter working hours.” (Shaw and Lee pg. 171)
    Accomplishment…She was an advocate for the freedom of speech in America

  16. Aung San Suu Kyi received Jawaharlal Nehru for her peaceful struggle against a dictatorship government.

  17. Joan Wile is the founder and directer of the Granny Peace Brigade, which started in November of 2005. This organization holds a peace vigil every Wednesday from 4:30 to 5:30 p.m. in front of Rockefeller Center and demands withdrawing troops from Iraq. She was the writer of Grandmothers Against the War: Getting off our Fannies and Standing Up for Peace.

    She is a grandmother of 5. In her younger adult years she was a singer, ASCAP Songwriter and musician. The grandmothers were arrested and jailed in October of 2005 for tring to enlist in the military at the Times Square Recruitiing Center.

    To read a post about Joan Wile and the Granny Peace Brigade, which she founded in 2005, click here.

  18. Ida B Wells was an African American civil rights and women’s rights leader. She was also active in the Women’s Suffrage Movement. When Ms. Wells was 14 her parents, who were slaves, died of yellow fever, along with her brother who was 9 months old. After that, her other siblings were divided among aunts and uncles. Ms. Wells also led a campaign against racial segregation and she started the 1st African American kindergarden in Chicago in 1913.

  19. Gloria Steinem was born March 25, 1934 in Toledo, Ohio. She has many accomplishments, including her achievement of becoming the founder and original publisher of Ms. magazine, the founder of the pro-choice organization Choice USA, co-founder of the Women’s Media Center, and becoming an influential co-convener of the National Women’s Political Caucus. Her feminist views were created throughout her childhood while watching her mother and father and the way in which her father treated her mother.

  20. Gloria Steinem was born on March 25, 1934 in Toledo, Ohio. She is mostly of German descent but her father was Jewish. She attributed her feminist attitudes to the experiences she shared with her mother who was a victim of “political injustice.” Her “big break” came in 1963 while working undercover as a Playboy Bunny in New York. She wrote an expose on their treatment for Show . magazine. She co-founded the Women’s Action Alliance in 1971, Ms. Magazine in 1972, and the Coalition of Labor Union Women in 1974.

    Read a New York Times review of the 1985 TV movie, “A Bunny’s Tale,” which was based on Steinem’s Playboy Bunny experience.

    Watch a funny interview with Gloria Steinem and Jane Fonda on “The Colbert Report” as Stephen Colbert lures them to his studio kitchen to bake an all-American apple pie.

  21. Margaret Sanger (September 14, 1879 – September 6, 1966) was an American birth control activist, an advocate of negative eugenics, and the founder of the American Birth Control League which is our modern day Planned Parenthood. Initially met with fierce opposition to her ideas, Sanger gradually won some support, both in the public as well as in the courts, for a woman’s choice to decide how and when, if ever, she will bear children. In her drive to open the way to universal access to birth control, Sanger was a controversial figure.

  22. Dolores Huerta was born in 1930 in New Mexico, she’s a mother of SEVEN childern and was married twice. She served a key role in the early works of the farm worker organizing. She was the coordinator for the East Coast efforts for the table grape boycott in 1968-69. Huerta was clubbed badly by police officers when she was demonstrating against candidate George Bush.

  23. Virginia Woolf (Stephen; 25 January 1882 – 28 March 1941) was an English novelist and essayist, regarded as one of the foremost modernist literary figures of the twentieth century.
    During the interwar period, Woolf was a significant figure in London literary society and a member of the Bloomsbury Group. Her most famous works include the novels Mrs. Dalloway (1925), To the Lighthouse (1927) and Orlando (1928), and the book-length essay A Room of One’s Own (1929), with its famous dictum, “a woman must have money and a room of her own if she is to write fiction.” She was a very strong women who had thoughts, ideas and opinions that she was not afraid to share.

  24. Ida Bell Wells (July 16, 1862 – March 25, 1931) was an African American civil rights leader and a women’s rights leader active in the Women’s Suffrage Movement. Best known for her opposition to lynchings, Wells documented hundreds of these atrocities. It was not common for African American women to take such a stand, but Ida went against the grain and was a leader. Her participation in women’s suffrage parades, her refusal to stand in the back because she was black resulted in the beginning of her media publicity

  25. Misty McElroy started out as a “roadie” when she was 18 years old and went touring around with Grammy winning rock band and some smaller bands as well. McElroy is the director and founder of Rock n Roll Camp for Girls, which is about self-reliance for girls.

  26. Harriet Tubman (born 1820, March 1913) was an African-American abolitionist, humanitarian, and Union spy during the U.S. Civil War. After escaping from captivity, she made thirteen missions to rescue over seventy slaves using the network of antislavery activists and safe houses known as the Underground Railroad. She later helped John Brown recruit men for his raid on Harpers Ferry, and in the post-war era struggled for women’s suffrage. Tubman endured a great deal of physical and mental pain and suffrage as a slave but used those hardships to make herself a stronger person and help others so they would not endure the same unthinkable acts of slavery that she did.

  27. Wilma Mankiller is the former Principal Chief of the Cherokee Nation of Oklahoma. She was the first woman to lead the second largest and a major Native American tribe. It is to be said that her family name Mankiller was giving meaning a old military title that was given to someone in charge of protecting the people and the village. After being in a bad car accident were her best friend died, a year later was dianosed with myasthema grauvs, which is a chronic neromuscular diease.

  28. Elizabeth Cady Stanton (November 12, 1815 – October 26, 1902) was an American social activist and leading figure of the early woman’s movement. Her Declaration of Sentiments, presented at the first women’s rights convention held in 1848 in Seneca Falls, New York, is often credited with initiating the first organized woman’s rights and woman’s suffrage movements in the United States.
    Before Stanton narrowed her political focus almost exclusively to women’s rights, she was an active abolitionist together with her husband, Henry Brewster Stanton and cousin, Gerrit Smith. This is what i find awesome is that her husband was there to be an activist along side her. Stanton also addressed a lot of issues beyond just voting, she was concerned with women and poverty, custody, birth control and economic rights.

  29. […] saying Grannies count in anti-war efforts « A blog of our own on CoursesMargaret Hecht on Women who count: Post them hereKayla Mills on Women who count: Post them hereMargaret Hecht on Women who count: Post […]

  30. Margaret Chase Smith:Stood against biotry and injustice.
    One of many of Smith’s accomplishments is the “Declaration of Conscience” speech, which help end Joseph McCarthy’s “Mc Carthyism”.

  31. Angela Davis: One of many major accomplishments:
    As a political activist, Davis is involved in the Critical Resistance organization, which is “dedicated to building a movement to abolish the prison- industrial complex (U.S. prison system)”.

  32. Virginia Woolf was born Adeline Virginia Stephen on January 25, 1882 in London, England. She was educated by her parents. Throughout her life, she was sexually abused and suffered from severe mood swings; modern techniques have posthumously diagnosed Woolf with bipolar disorder. They both had influence on her works. She committed suicide on March 28, 1941 by drowning herself in the river by her home. During her lifetime, many of her works were published; both novels and essays. In the 1970’s, people began to analyze her literature from the feminist perspective. One of these “feminist” works is A Room of One’s Own (published in 1928) which was based on a series of lectures she gave at women’s colleges.

  33. Amy Tan was born February 19, 1952 and is an American writer of Chinese descent. Tan has written many books which she has won various awards for. Some of her most popular books include The Kitchen God’s Wife, The Hundred Secret Senses, The Joy Luck Club, and The Bonesetter’s Daughter, and her most recent book, Saving Fish From Drowning. Tan received her bachelor’s and master’s degree in English and linguistics from San Jose State University and is currently the literary editor for West, Los Angeles Times’ Sunday magazine.

  34. Yakin Erturk was part of the United Nations Special Repporteur on violence against women. She looked at its causes and consequences for the UN Commission on Human Rights. She also is a professor of sociology for the Middle East Techinical University.

  35. Wilma Mankiller: Mankiller was the first woman to serve as chief of a major Native American tribe. While she was chief her focus was on low education and high unemployment rates among Cherokee people. She was the creator of the Institute for Cheroke Literacy, and in 1987 she was named woman of the year by Ms. magazine. She also focused on improving community healthcare and helping the economy of Northeastern Oklahoma.

  36. Amy Richards has a blog on http://www.feminist.com called Ask Amy. She is a feminist, activist, writer and organizer. Richards has also co-founded the Thrid Wave Foundation that is geared towards 15- to 30-yr.-old women.

  37. Patricia Schroder: Representatvie from Colorado.
    Born in Portland Oregon July 30, 1940. Graduated from Roosevelt Hig School in Iowa 1958. B.A at University of Minnesota 161. Went to Harvard Law School 1964 Lawyer, Private Practice, National Labor Relations board 1964- 1966. Was a teacher form 1969 to 1972. Elected as a Democrat to 93 and the 11 succeeding Congress January 3, 1973- 1997 Chair.

  38. Margaret Snager was born September 14, 1879 in Corning New York. She founded the first Birth Control clinic in the United States in 1916. She was the co-founder of Planned Parenthood. She was born Margaret Louise Higgins and she provided the wrong birth year in many biographical sources. She provided the year 1883.

  39. Elizabeth Cady Stanton was born in Johnstown New York on November 12, 1815. She and Lucretia Mott founded the Women’s Rights Convention in Seneca Falls New York. She Died of Heart Failure in 1902. She became a feminist because when she was little she heard her father (who was a judge) tell abused women they had no legal rights. They had to deal with the mistreatment.

  40. Virginia Woolf was born in London England. She was born Adeline Virginia Stephen on January 25, 1882. Woolf suffered from mental illness and depression. It bacame too much for her so on march 28, 1941 she commited suicide. She drown herself in the river Ouse near Sussex, England.

  41. Ida B. Wells was born a slave in Holly Springs, Mississippi. Her mother gave birth on July 16, 1862 which was just six months before the Emancipation Proclamation had freed all of the slaves in the Confederate states.Her parents and some of her siblings died in a yellow fever epidemic when she was 16.

  42. Harriet Tubman was born Araminta Tubman. she later took the first name of her mother Harriet Ross. Harriet married John Tubman in 1844. John was a freed slave but Harriet remained a slave until she escaped in 1849.

  43. Amy Tan was born February 19, 1952 in Oakland, California. She was from Chinese decent. Both of her parents were immigrants. Her occupation is a writer. She is known for her most successful films The Joy Luck Club. Her family wanted her to be a doctor. Amy Tan received her bachelor’s degree in English and Linguistics form San Jose State University. Some of her works revolve around mother-daughter relationships. She has written other books such as The Kitchen God’s Wife, The Hundred Secret Senses, and The Bonesetter’s Daughter. She is also apart of a rock band that consists of published writers. She talks about her culture which ties into the chapter, but she also talks about mother-daughter relationships which talks focus on the family chapter.

  44. Delored Huerta- Born 4/10/30 she was the co-founder of the United Fark Workers of America. In 1965 she directed the UFW’s grape boycott. She was very active in politics and in 1960 she rallied for the option for the driver’s exam to be taken in Spanish.

  45. Margaret Chase Smith was a Republican Senator from Maine, and one of the most successful politicians in Maine history. She was the first woman to be elected to both the U.S. House and the Senate, and the first woman from Maine to serve in either. She was also the first woman to have her name placed in nomination for the U.S. Presidency at a major party’s convention. She was a moderate Republican, included with those known as Rockefeller Republicans. When she left office, Smith had the record as the longest-serving female senator in United States history, ranking 11th in seniority among the members of the Senate, a distinction that has not been surpassed.

  46. Jessica Valenti was born on November 1, 1978 who is a blogger and feminist from New York City. She recieved her master’s degree in Women’s and Gender Studies from Rutgers University. She has worked with organizations such as NARAP Pro-choice America, Legal Momentum, Planned Parenthood, the Environment and Development Organization and Ms. Magazine. She is also a co-founder of the REAL hot 100 campaign.

  47. Amy Richards was born in California in 1970. She is an activist, writer, organizer, feminist and art historian. She graduated from Barnard College in 1992. She wrote books and magazine articles about feminism and parenthood.

  48. Winona LaDuke was born in 1959. She attended Harvard and Antioch University. She is currently the Executive Director of Honor the Earth and White Earth Land Recovery Project. She is known for the 1998 Reebok Human Rights award winner, 1997 Ms. Magazine women of the year

  49. Angela Davis was born on January26, 1944 in Birmingham, Alabama. She is an American political activist and university professor who was associated with the black panther party for self defense and the studnet nonviolent coordinating committee. She works for racial and gender equality, for gay rights and prison abolition.

  50. Winona LaDuke has major political affiliations, and even was up for vice president in the 2004 election, for the Green party.

  51. Amy Richards: Richards is a third wave feminist who wrote “A Day Without Feminism” and “Manifest: Young Women, Feminism, and the Future”. She and Jennifer Baumgandner hosted a dinner party in 1999 where they invited six friends, and they discussed current problems for women, and what should be done about these issues.

  52. Jessica Valenti: feminist writer from New York. Got her masters in womens and gender studies for Rutgers University. Worked with organizations such as Naral pro choice america legal movement, planned parenthood, womens environment and development organization Ms. magazine. Co founder of the real hot 100. Campaign to highlight the important work that young women are doing across the country.

  53. Margaret Sanger was born on September 14, 1879 and died September 6, 1966. She worked as a nurse and a birth control advocate. She eventually gave up her nursing career to become more dedicated to the distribution of birth control information. In 1914 she founded the National Birth Control League. She wrote many books and articles in her lifetime.

  54. An interesting fact I found about Elizabeth Cady Stanton was when she got married the word obey was left out from the ceremony at her insistence. Her husband was an activist in the anti-slavery cause and their honeymoon was to the World’s Anti-Slavery Convention in London in 1840.

  55. Ida B. Wells Barnett
    Born 1862 in Hollysprings ,Mississippi was the oldest of eight children. She attented Rust College and graduated to become a teacher. she was the editor and co-editor of The Free Speech” a black newspaper. she went on to publish a book called ” A Red Record” and become a member of the NAACP. she died in 1931.

  56. Harriet tubman
    was born in maryland. she was born into slavery. she was known as the Moses of her people. she led hundreds of slaves to0 freedom through the underground rail road. she was a leader in the abolitionist movement and would become a spy for the federal forces in South, Carolina,as well as a nurse.

  57. Shirley Chisholm
    was born 1924 in Brooklyn,Ny . her father was British Guiana and her mother was from Barbados. she attented Brooklyn College and majored in sociology. while in college she formed a alternative social club when she was denied because she was black. she ran for a set in congress and when she won spoke out for womens rights. in 1972 she ran for persident she would not win but recieved 151 delegate votes. she passed away in 2005.
    Awards she recieved: Alumna of the year From Brooklyn college, Key women of the year, outstanding work in the fild of child welfare,and women of achievement.

  58. Amy Richards
    was born in 1972 in californis. she was an activist, writer,organizer,feminist and art historian. she attented Barnard College.she became well known for aborting two out of three children she was having. she would go on to cry out nad explain her situation and how it was the best thing to do. she would inspire women in years to come.

  59. Angela Davis 1944
    a black activist and philosopher. arrested as a suspect for freeing a man from the court room. she was faced with other charges but ashe was aquitted of all of them. she would be featured on the FBI’s most wanted list for a shout period of time. she was associated with the black panthers and black power polities. she joined the communist party after the assassination of MLK Jr. and then would run fot the U.S vice President in 1980.

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